Bombay HC rejects Gautam Navlakha’s statutory bail plea; says unauthorised detention can’t be construed as authorised for the purpose of default bail

The Bombay High Court Monday dismissed the petition filed by Gautam P. Navlakha, an accused in the Elgar Parishad-Maoist links case, challenging the order of the National Investigation Agency (NIA) Special Court rejecting his plea seeking statutory bail. Navlakha is facing charges under the anti-terrorism UAPA.

A division bench of Justices SS Shinde and MS Karnik while upholding the order of the NIA Court said it saw no reason to interfere with the order of the court below.

“It is not possible for us to fathom a situation where detention of the Appellant though held to be illegal & unlawful rendering the authorisation by the Magistrate untenable should still be construed as an authorised detention for the purpose of Sub-Section (2) of Section 167 of the Cr.P.C”, the bench said.

The issue before the court was whether the period of custody spent by Navlakha in house arrest (28/08/2018 to 01/10/2018 for the period of 34 days) constituted custody for the purposes of section 167(2) CrPC.

The court held that the Investigating Agency/Investigating Officer did not have any access to Navlakha when he was asked to be kept under house-arrest by the Delhi High Court nor had an occasion to interrogate him.

“As the transit remand order was stayed, it cannot be said that the appellant was under detention of police for investigation”, the court held.

The bench went on to hold that in the absence of there being an authorized detention by an order of a magistrate, the petitioner could not claim entitlement to statutory default bail.

“Once the authorisation by the magistrate is declared illegal consequently rendering the detention itself illegal, the said period (house arrest custody) cannot be construed to be an authorised custody within the meaning of Section 167(2) of CrPC”, the court held.

The court, thus, held that the period from 28.08.2018 to 01.10.2018 had to be excluded from computing the period of 90 days as the said custody had been held to be unsustainable in law by the Delhi High Court.

The Delhi High Court on 28.08.2018 had stayed Navlakha’s transit remand proceedings and directed that he be kept under house arrest under guard of the Delhi Police Special Cell along with the local police that had come to arrest him. It had finally on 01.10.2018 quashed Navlakha’s arrest.

Subsequently, in Romila Thapar vs. Union of India and ors on 29.08.2018, the Supreme Court extended Navlakha’s house arrest, which was further extended from time to time till final disposal of the petition on 28.09.2018.

On 28.09.2018, the Supreme Court pronounced its judgment in Romila Thapar case and gave the accused persons liberty to pursue appropriate legal remedies.

Thereafter Navlakha pursued his legal remedy unsuccessfully and finally surrendered before the NIA on April 14, 2020.

Senior advocate Kapil Sibal, for the petitioner, argued that when the appellant claimed default bail under section 167(2) CrPC, his custody period, from the date of his arrest and first remand i.e. 28/08/2018 was in excess of 90 days. Sibal, thus, argued that since no application for extension of time was fled by the NIA (till much later on 29/06/2020 after 110 days), the NIA court had no authority to further remand the appellant and should have enlarged him on bail.

In Romila Thapar’s case, the top court by a majority of 2:1 declined to accede to the request of the petitioners for a probe by an independent agency into the Elgar Parishad-Maoist links case.

Click here to read the order