The Central Government Friday wrote to the State Governments and the Union Territories to review the existing practices and procedures governing grant of parole, furlough and premature release to jail inmates so that the same is not abused and misused by them and their advantage does not turn into disadvantage and nuisance for the society at large.
The Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) in this regard has dispatched a letter to all the Chief Secretaries and DGPs of all the States/UTs.
MHA asked States/UTs include the following provisions in their guidelines-
- Grant of parole and furlough to those offender, whose release may have an adverse impact on the security of the State or safety of individuals, may be strictly prohibited.
- The parole rules of State, including the criteria, duration and frequency may be reviewed after making an assessment based on their experience about the benefits and detriments of such people.
- Parole and furlough may not be granted as a matter of routine and may be decided by Committee of officers and behavioral experts, who may meet as per requirements, keeping in view all relevant factors, especially for inmates sentences for sexual offences, serious crimes such as murder, child abduction, violence etc.
- Include an expert Psychologist/Criminologist/Correctional Administration Expert as a member of the Sentence Review Board and in the Committee which decides grant of parole and furlough to inmates and obtain their option before such temporary release.
MHA added that in order to ensure inmates released on parole, furlough and premature release do not violate law, systems must be put in place for monitoring and follow up of each case.
It also sought an action taken report from States/UTs in this regard.
MHA said concerns have been expressed regarding recidivism, as in some cases, prison inmates, on temporary release from prison, either on parole/furlough or on premature release, have re-offended or indulged in criminal activities.
This, MHA said, underlines the need to carefully regulate the grant of parole, furlough, remission and premature release to prisoners.
Referring to the Model Prison Manual 2016, MHA said the privilege of release on parole and furlough should be allowed to selective prisoners on the basis of well-defined norms of eligibility and propriety. It added that release on parole is not an absolute right. It is a concession.
Read MHA’s letter